General Economic Initiatives
From ‘Die Welt’: General approach to the economic redevelopment - ‘Strukturwandel’
Startup Economy Initiatives
Creative cities and city of design designations for equitable economic development: a study of Essen and Detroit.
From 'European Commission / Evaluation Report': Ex-post evaluation of 2010 - European Capitals of Culture of Culture?
From 'Conde Nast Traveller': Europe's 2018 Capitals of Culture Are Valletta and Leeuwarden—But What Does It Mean?
From 'Irish Times': What is the point of the European Capital?
European Commission: European Capitals of Culture
From 'Architectural Digest': Checking In on Detroit, Three Years After Its UNESCO City of Design Designation
From 'Detroit Free Press': Design industries are critical to Detroit's future but need nurturing
From Travel + Leisure: How Detroit's Oldest Buildings Became the Coolest New Spots to Visit
UNESCO: Creative Cities
Design Cities: Cities of Design Network