Economic Development


General Economic Initiatives

Ruhr Area

From ‘Die Welt’: General approach to the economic redevelopment - ‘Strukturwandel’

Rust Belt

The Great Lakes Economic Initiative
From ‘‘Forbes’’: Revitalizing the Rust Belt


Startup Economy Initiatives

Ruhr Area

ruhrHUB, an initiative of the Ministry of Innovation, Science, Education and Technology of North Rhine-Westphalia

RUB Bochum: World Factory
University Duisburg Essen: NetCampus
TU Dortmund University: Centrum für Entrepreneurship und Transfer
Technologie Zentrum Dortmund

Rust Belt

From ‘’: The Rust Belt has more than misery, we also have startups
From ‘Citylab’: The winners and losers of America’s startup economy

Creative cities and city of design designations for equitable economic development: a study of Essen and Detroit.

Ruhr Area

From 'European Commission / Evaluation Report': Ex-post evaluation of 2010 - European Capitals of Culture of Culture?
From 'Conde Nast Traveller': Europe's 2018 Capitals of Culture Are Valletta and Leeuwarden—But What Does It Mean?
From 'Irish Times'What is the point of the European Capital?
European CommissionEuropean Capitals of Culture

Rust Belt

From 'Architectural Digest': Checking In on Detroit, Three Years After Its UNESCO City of Design Designation
From 'Detroit Free Press': Design industries are critical to Detroit's future but need nurturing
From Travel + Leisure: How Detroit's Oldest Buildings Became the Coolest New Spots to Visit
UNESCO: Creative Cities
Design Cities: Cities of Design Network

Project Team

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